Shoulder arthroscopy involves a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around the shoulder joint. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision (cut) in the skin.
The word arthroscopy is derived from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and skopein” (to look). Therefore, the term literally means “to look within the joint.” During the procedure, the surgeon inserts a small camera, called an arthroscope, into the shoulder joint. The camera displays pictures on a television screen, and the surgeon uses these images to guide miniature surgical instruments.
Due to the thin structure of the arthroscope and surgical instruments, the surgeon uses very small incisions, rather than the larger incision needed for standard, open surgery. This results in less pain for patients, and shortens the recovery time.