The glenoid labrum is a fibrocartilage rim surrounding the edge of the glenoid fossa (shoulder socket). The shoulder labrum tear can occur in different ways. When a patient’s shoulder is dislocated, the anterior (front) portion of the labrum is often torn. This is called a Bankart tear or lesion, and it is the most common form of ligament injury to the shoulder. Many of these patients will go on to experience recurring shoulder dislocation. This will have a significant effect on the ability to participate in sport and sometimes also their work.
Recent technical advances combined with improvements in implant choice and suture material this arthroscopic shoulder surgery the procedure of choice. Current arthroscopic techniques are associated with failure rates of 5% to 10%, comparable to open procedures.